Geothermal:-Rift valley has a potential estimated at 7,000 mega watts and 10,000 mega watts. Installed capacity as of December 2011 was 198MW, 13 per cent of the total installed capacity.Government targets to generate 1,500MW of geothermal power by 2019 and 5,530MW by 2030.

Wind energy: Kenya has a proven wind energy potential of over 3,000MW with 346W/m2 and speeds of over 6m/s.Installed capacity stands at 25MW as of December 2012. Highest potential is in northern and eastern part of the country. It is estimated that about 300-350 wind pumps have been installed in the country.

Coal energy: By the year 2030,coal is projected to provide 2,400MW of electricity. A coal powered station is in the set up process in Kilifi while coal mining in Mui Basin is ongoing.

Nuclear: Kenya is planning to put up a 1000MW nuclear power plant at a cost of Ksh250 billion by the year 2022.Additional units of 1,000MW each are expected to be commissioned in 2026,2029 and 2031 when the respective demands are projected to have grown to 9,556MW,13,435 ANS 16,905.

Hydro power: Hydro-power constitutes around 60 per cent of the total electricity generated in Kenya. The bulk of this electricity is tapped from five generating plants along the River Tana. The five stations combined – Kindaruma, Kamburu, Gitaru, Masinga and Kiambere – have an installed capacity of more than 400 MW. Turkwel Gorge Power Station in north-western Kenya has an installed capacity of 106 MW. There are also several small hydro stations – Mesco, Ndula, Wanjii, Tana, Gogo Falls and Selby Falls – all built before independence in 1963, with a combined generation output of 40 MW.

Biomass energy: Biomass density in Kenya is moderate. There is potential to produce biomass for modern energy production. The government has identified substantial potential for power generation using forestry and agro-industry residues including bagasse.

Solar energy:  Kenya receives daily insolation of 4-6kWh/m2. Solar utilization is mainly for photovoltaic systems (PVS), drying and water heating. The Solar PV systems are mainly for telecommunication, cathodic protection of pipelines, lighting and water pumping.Current installed capacity is approximately 4 MW.

National energy policy

The country is working to review the energy policy to ensure a proper energy revenue sharing of revenue from the Turkana oil finds between the national and county government.

Conservative estimates show that Kenya requires close to Sh2trillion to invest in electricity generation in the next 17 years.


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